There is a report on sciencealert.com about a small device that is reported to generate electricity “out of thin air”. It consists of “bacterial nanowires” that conduct electricity. When stacked, the device should be able to power small devices like smartphones. If this works as claimed, it would be a little overuntiy device. Of course they cannot say this so openly in the conventional scientific community. However, it would be a break-through in energy supply on this level.
According to ECE theory, the vacuum or ether is not empty, as has been proven by basic observations like the Lamb shift or Casimir effect. A new astronomical measurement shows that the vacuum is polarizable and exhibits birefringence. This is another experimental proof that “empty space” is not empty but behaves like an optical medium. Thus the view of ECE theory has been strengthened.
According to MIT, an experiment has been successful proving the “non-Abelian Aharonov-Bohm Effect”. This means that the phase shift for a particle depends on the order in which (at least two) modifications of the particle wave have been performed. The Aharonov-Bohm effect has been investigated intensively by Myron Evans in the earlier days of ECE theory. The MIT result is brought into connection with geometrical phase effects, for example the Berry phase of photons. See for example UFT papers 8, 27, 147, 336. Application in quantum computers is reported to be possible.
We had a discussion in AIAS about LENR theory concerning the paper
I’ve attached a copy of the IOP paper. The link worked on my computer. The authors certainly cover a broad range of phenomena. Of note to me when I skimmed the paper, was the Mizuno exp’t of cold D2 gas emitting neutrons when exposed to a magnetic field (section 2.3.2). Another was the change of nuclear decay rates when decaying material embedded in metallic host (2.10) and decay rate change with time (2.11). This fits with what is thought to be observed in the Magnetic Miles experiments. Thiorium embedded in tungsten indicated possible decay rate increase during electric discharge. Also, this may raise questions about the carbon dating process that could change lots of things.
The emission of low energy X-rays from pulling tape off a roll is interesting. One would think that if triboelectric effects occur, then X-Rays should be a observed during Earthquakes.
Have a good day
many thanks for this highly interesting paper. I obtained a similar paper by a colleage of our Munich group concerning mass changes in LENR, but the Russian author spoke of neutrino effects that sound very doubtful. This paper of Davidson is much clearer and more understandable.
BTW, neutrinos are also mentioned in section 2.11 of Davidson’s paper.
First I have to stress that the term “effective mass” is well known in condensed matter physics, it mainly refers to electrons in a lattice matrix, changing their apparent mass by some orders of magnitude. The author Davidson mentions this in the introduction but I doubt that this is well known for non-solid-state physicists. However, the author explains that this cannot be the true reason for LENR decay channels that change the known particle decay channels by 50 orders of magnitude (!).
In 3.4 he mentions “effective Lagrangian approximations” to the standard model. This is where ECE theory comes in. In paper 431 we have shown that “m theory” is able to compensate the Coulomb part of repulsion in a way that a proton can react with the nucleus of Ni for example. m theory assumes a special near-distance modification of the relativistic line element in the frame of ECE (or even Einstein) theory. Therefore it might have effects similar as the “effective lagrangian calculations” mentioned by Davidson. So far, m theory is parametrized. It would take much more effort and comparison to experiments to fix the “decay parameter” appearing in m theory.
I finished the basic calculations of paper 439. When putting all parts of Cartan geometry together, we obtain a calculation scheme starting from a potential and ending in electric and magnetic fields of a given physical problem. That is within a framework of general relativity, therefore a novel approach. This is a great progress in ECE theory. Such a complete path had not been carried out before. One reason was that we had not compiled the Cartan formulas in this way so that (at least I myself) did not see that it is possible so straightforwardly. I had looked for this method for years
Another reason is that the Gamma connections can only be computed by computer algebra, and there is the ambiguity of how to choose the appearing constants. Setting them to zero gave an astonishing success in most cases I investigated.
(There remain some problems for complicated potentials. This has to be investigated further and is not addressed in the paper).
One result of the paper is that the B(3) field comes out for e-m waves in a quite natural way. It is lastly a consequence of the fact that the tetrad has to be a non-singular matrix in 4 dimensions. Myron would be delighted
There remains the problem that the Lambda spin connection is not antisymmetric. Either there is still an error in the calculations, or it has to do with the charge density. For e-m waves, which correspond to the e-m free field, all connections are antisymmetric.
I separated the Maxima code in a way that a library for all operations of Cartan geometry needed has been built. This should also be usable for the text book. In addition, this seems to be the begin of a generally usable code which Sean MacLachlan requested a long time ago.
I think we make progress in theory now. I appended the draft version of paper 439. The conclusion is still missing. I will give a perspective for the next papers where the new code path through Cartan geometry could be modified for solving new questions. For example,
1) when the e-m fields are given, what are the connections, and what is the potential (or tetrad)?
2) how can a resonant spin connection be obtained from a given e-m field?
There was a German physicist, Burkhard Heim (1925-2001). Interestingly, he was first a chemist like Myron Evans, but later he turned to theoretical physics. He independently developed a unified field theory on basis of Einstein’s general relativity. Heim started with Einstein’s field equation and added an electromagnetic tensor to the gravitational field tensor. In this way he postulated a gravito-magnetic field. He tried to perform an experiment for proofing its existence but never got the funding for it. In ECE theory we went a different way. We calculated the gravitomagnetic field of the earth and the angle of precession for a gyroscope carried in an orbiting satellite. This was a re-interpretation of a NASA expermint carried out with big financial effort. The results were in good agreement with the experiment. The gravitomagnetic field is effective only in planetary and cosmic dimensions.
Heim struggled with the problems of Einstein’s theory inferred by the approach that the energy-momentum tensor enters the theory as a given, external source. In ECE theory there are no sources, only fields. What appears as sources, are dense, localized fields. Therefore ECE theory solves this problem elegantly. There is no external energy-momentum. Heim also introduced torsion in his theory, which is not there when sticking at Einstein’s equations.
The quantization of Heim’s theory of general relativity was a main achievment. He quantized the theory by introducing a quantum of action. This is connected with a geometrical minimal area element. Heim succeeded in computing all masses of elementary particles, classifying their internal symmetries as observed in expensive accelerator experiments. He did not use adjustable parameters and developed analytical expressions which he inferred from geometrical conditions of the tensors he had developed. However, he had to use six dimensions to be succesful. His formulas were programmed at the German Electron Synchrotron in Hamburg and astonished the scientists: all masses were predicted very precisely. In recent times, only Ulrich Bruchholz succeeded in such computations; he used the Einstein-Rainich theory and a numerical method which is also parameter-free.
Heim’s late work concentrated on investigating the effect of the higher dimensions. The basic dimensions are three space dimensions plus one time dimension which are used in four-dimensional relativistic spacetime. These are quantitative in the sense that physical laws can be formulated mathematically and give numbers as results which can be compared with experimental findings. The 5th and 6th dimension are of different character. Their coordinates are time-like so that the six-dimensional space has three space-like and three time-like coordinates. The 5th and 6th coordinate are not quantitative in the usual sense. They describe structural and organisatotional processes that obey an abstract logic. This is the entry point of a non-material, mental, even spiritual world. Matter within three dimensions has emanations into these invisible dimensions so that it is impacted by these higher-level processes. This field transcends today’s science by far.
Dimensions higher than four can be described by Cartan geometry. This is a point where Cartan geometry merges with Heim theory and could be used to better understand the mathematical background, which Heim had to acquire by hard work and by applying complicated structural logic reasonning. For example, Heim used antisymmetric (or Hermitian) tensors, and antisymmetry is also a fundamental property of Cartan geometry and was investigated in great detail in the context of ECE theory.
Let’s look a bit closer to some details. Cartan geometry can be formulated for any dimension. Taking into account its physical interpretation (ECE theory), we have to consider the role of the Hodge-dual operator. This derives a Cartan form from another Cartan form. In four dimensions, the Hodge dual of a 2-form is a 2-form, therefore there is a certain symmetry in four dimensions, manifesting in Maxwell’s equations. When rising the dimension, a 2-form in 5 dimensions would give a Hodge-dual 3-form and in 6 dimensions a Hodge-dual 4-form. To understand the meaning of this asymmetry, we have to know that matter density is described by the Hodge dual of 2-forms. Therefore, if we stay at this description of matter in higher dimensions, matter obtaines additional degrees of freedom, in accordance with Heim’s theory.
The last point is an example how results of ECE theory could be useful to understand Heim’s ideas. He was so far ahead of contemporary science that he was not accepted by academia, a fate that also Myron Evans suffered.
The equivalent of 102,456 printed pages was downloaded (373.554 megabytes) from 2,033 downloaded memory files (hits) and 412 distinct visits each averaging 3.6 memory files and 7 minutes, top referrals total of 2,225,368, main spiders Google, MSN and Yahoo. Collected ECE2 291, Top ten 227, Collected Evans / Morris 165(est.), Collected scientometrics 122, F3(Sp) 42, Barddoniaeth 38, UFT88 32, Autobiography volumes one and two 25, Principles of ECE 24, Collected Eckardt / Lindstrom 21, Evans Equations 14, Self charging inverter 12, PECE 11, PLENR 11, Engineering Model 11, ECE2 9, Collected Proofs 9, UFT311 6, Llais 5, UFT321 5, CEFE 4, Mann Johnson ECE 3, UFT313 5, UFT314 6, UFT315 5, UFT316 1, UFT317 1, UFT318 2, UFT319 2, UFT320 1, UFT322 1, UFT323 3, UFT324 4, UFT325 7, UFT326 1, UFT329 2, UFT330 3, UFT331 4, UFT332 3, UFT333 2, UFT334 4, UFT335 6, UFT336 2, UFT337 2, UFT338 3, UFT339 4, UFT340 2, UFT341 6, UFT342 6, UFT343 5, UFT344 7, UFT345 5, UFT346 4, UFT347 9, UFT348 4, UFT349 7, UFT351 16, UFT352 7, UFT353 7, UFT354 12, UFT355 9, UFT356 7, UFT358 2, UFT359 4, UFT360 1, UFT361 2, UFT362 4, UFT363 8, UFT364 5, UFT365 7, UFT366 9, UFT367 7, UFT368 7, UFT369 10, UFT370 8, UFT371 3, UFT372 4, UFT373 9 to date in April 2017. City of Winnipeg UFT theory; University of Toronto UFT239; Steinbuch Computer Centre Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Obsolete concepts of the standard model; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute UFT26; University of Toledo Ohio LCR Resonant; University of Rennes 1 France UFT2. Intense interest all sectors, updated usage file attached for April 2017.
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These results are again full of interest and can be written up in Section 3 of UFT374. This Cartesian approach is the one with which most people are familiar. A lot of people get confused with the use of a coordinate system in which the frame itself is moving, for example the plane polar and spherical polar systems. Without the fluid dynamic terms the cartesian method does not even give the centrifugal force, as is well known, but the addition of fluid gravitational terms gives a precessing ellipse. This is a remarkable achievement, and congratulations. I have just sent over the lagrangian for fluid dynamics, which is capable of giving many types of orbit. Therefore it has been shown here that a Cartesian analysis in fluid gravitation makes the Einstein theory completely redundant. Only the most dogmatic and ostrich minded can ignore all the refutations and advances.
Sent: 06/04/2017 09:31:37 GMT Daylight Time
Subj: Re: A direct approach to mass point dynamics in a fluid
A general velocity field (vfx, vfy) has been added in the kinetic energy terms. Then the most general Euler-Lagrange equations then are:
For a constant vf there is no change in the equations of a masspoint without fluid velocity, that means such a case is contained in appropriate initial conditions. By defining any form of vf one can obtain various orbit types as I found in the ECE2 fluid dynamics case. For example
gives a rosette which is a precessing ellipse with large precession angle, see Fig. 6. The precession can be minimized by a0 –> 0.
Am 05.04.2017 um 09:11 schrieb Horst Eckardt:
What about the following approach (in cartesian coordinates):
Given: a velocity field bold vf(X,Y,Z,t)
Coordinates of mass point: X,Y,Z
velocity of mass point:
bold v = (v_X + vf_X, v_Y + vf_Y, vZ + vf_Z)
with v_X = X dot, etc.
The Lagrange equations can be obtained from the above equation for bold v. It has to be checked if this is a valid precedure because in Lagrange theory normally the coordinates are transformed and not the velocities. As an alternative, one could certainly solve Newton’s equations directly.
This model does not include viscosity or other additional effects.
This is given by Eq. (4), the Euler Lagrange equation is given by Eq. (5). Its ECE2 covariant (relativistic) version is given by Eq. (10). This appears to be the first time that a lagrangian has been clearly defined for fluid dynamics. This theory achieves a completely self consistent description of orbital precession, forging together precession due to ECE2 covariance and precession due to ECE2 fluid gravitation. The non central nature of the general gravitational potential leds to many interesting types of orbit. After an extensive literature search I found that some very abstract and obscure attempts have been made in mathematical physics to find the lagrangian for fluid dynamics. The result (4) seems to have been missed by the mathematical physicists.
Uppsala University in Sweden is ranked 60 in the world by Shanghai, 93 by Times, 98 by QS and 106 by webometrics. It was founded in 1477 and is the oldest university in Scandinavia, with 41,470 students. It has been associated with Linnaeus, Celsius, Berzelius, Angstrom and several Nobel Laureates. There have been many consultations of www.aias.us from Uppsala and all the leading Swedish and Scandinavian universities. The United States Naval Academy is ranked 1085 in the world by webometrics and was founded in 1845 at Annapolis Maryland. It has 4,576 midshipmen, who graduate as ensigns in the U. S. Navy and second lieutenants in the U. S. Marine Corps. There have been many consultations of www.aias.us by the U. S. Marine Corps Command and by other branches of the U. S. Armed Forces, including the Joint Chiefs of Staff. UFT88 is a famous paper, published in 2007 by Horst Eckardt and myself, which corrects the second Bianchi of 1902 upon which the Einstein field equation is based directly. The identity is changed completely by torsion. UFT99 shows that neglect of torsion means that both torsion and curvature vanish. This is also a classic paper. UFT88 should be read with UFT109, the definitive proofs accompanying UFT99, UFT255, UFT313 and UFT354. The final form of UFT88 is UFT313, which infers the Jacobi Cartan Evans identity. UFT354 shows that torsion completely changes the geometry used by Einstein, so his theory is completely incorrect. Only a small group of dogmatists now adhere to it. The ECE2 series of books and papers forges a new type of relativity in the well known post Einsteinian paradigm shift of avant garde physics, led by AIAS and UPITEC. This has a vast following in all the best universities, institutes and similar in the world. UFT88 is usually consulted two or three thousand times a year, and we are coming up to the tenth anniversary of its publication. So it has been read twenty or thirty thousand times. In the past two or three years it has been read in about two hundred and fifty of the world’s best universities. So the Einstein theory of general relativity is completely obsolete. It has become non Baconian dogma.