Value of the Electron Mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Tuesday, October 19, 2010 12:06 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Value of the Electron Mass

This is defined by the standards laboratories as the mass inferred from the Rydberg constant in atomic spectra. Its 2006 CODATA value and relative uncertainty is

M = 9.10938215(45) ten power minus 31 kilograms

The relative uncertainty of 5 power minus eight is due to that in the Planck constant. This is a non relativistic definition and does not use the de Broglie Einstein theory. The latter theory when used with electron Compton scattering off the carbon atom in methane will produce a greatly varying electron M, which means that the de Broglie Einstein theory is wildly wrong. I suggest that this be shown in UFT 159 by using a fixed carbon mass, as given yesterday, and investigating M. In standards laboratories the electron mass is also determined with a Penning trap and using antiprotonic helium atoms. These methods all define M in a specific way, in a non relativistic context. More generally, M is proportional to the square root of scalar curvature.

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Photon Mass and Scalar Curvature

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Sunday, October 17, 2010 5:20 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Photon Mass and Scalar Curvature

To Dr Horst Eckardt:

Mass in the ECE wave equation is, as you know, a limit:

R = (mc/ h bar) squared

but its general expression is in terms of the gamma and spin connections and tetrads of Cartan geometry. For example in UFT 62, eqs. (8.25) onwards the ECE Lemma is reduced to the Einstein energy equation as a limit. Mass in general has the units of

m = (root R) h bar / c

and is proportional to root R. So to fit the numerical results from Section 3 of UFT 158, I propose that root R be used as a fitting parameter to try to mend the failure of the de Broglie Einstein theory. I agree that this will give a profound insight to the nature of mass and a new energy transfer in nature. In the EP series B(3) theory and O(3) electrodynamics were developed extensively in many directions, and that developed into ECE as you know. By now there are hundreds of ideas (literally) that are available. UFT 158 is such a high point that concentration on its development should be one central theme, energy from spacetime another.

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159(5): Compton Scattering with Stopped Photon

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Saturday, October 16, 2010 5:58 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: 159(5): Compton Scattering with Stopped Photon

In this case, if the photon m is stopped by the collision with an electron of mass M, the result is simple:

m = M

However, this is hypothetical because it is known that the photon is either absorbed or scattered. The final object should have mass M + m and move at momentum p’ . The fundamentals of twentieth century physics are alarmingly unphysical, for example the Einstein equation (1) of this note is a pure energy process without exchange of momentum and without photon mass. In the next notes eqs. (19) and (20) will be solved, and special cases of scattering at 90 degrees and 180 degrees considered. These cases simplify the already quite simple algebra still further, but reveal severe internal inconsistencies in the very basics of modern physics.

a159thpapernotes5.pdf

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Refractive Index and Group and Phase Velocity of de Broglie

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Saturday, October 16, 2010 2:36 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Refractive Index and Group and Phase Velocity of de Broglie

In his famous papers of 1922 to 1924, and in his Thesis, Louis de Broglie defined

E = h bar omega = gamma m c squared, p = h bar kappa = gamma m v sub g

where gamma is the Lorentz factor, m the photon mass and v sub g is the group velocity. The latter is the velocity of the envelope of two or more waves, and was considered by de Broglie to be the velocity of the photon (see UFT 157). He defined the phase velocity v sub p as:

v sub p = omega / kappa = c / n

where n is the refractive index and where c is the maximum speed of special relativity. So:

n = c / v sub p = v sub g / c

Note carefully that c is no longer the speed of light in the vacuum when the photon has mass. Its speed is the group velocity v sub g, EVEN IN THE VACUUM. In the de Broglie theory:

v sub g v sub p = c squared

The first results of UFT 158 show that the photon mass is not a constant as it should be in the de Broglie Einstein equations. This is a crisis in quantum mechanics, and a new fundamental phenomenon. We are taking our time to make a good job of the finished UFT 158, sections 1 and 2 are posted and were read intensely off this site as soon as they were posted.

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159(6): Photon absorbed into an atom

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Saturday, October 16, 2010 6:56 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: 159(6): Photon absorbed into an atom

In this case the photon is absorbed into the atom, creating a mass m + M which moves off with the momentum p’ imparted to the originally stationary mass M of the atom by the photon of mass m. It is shown that an additional mechanism is needed because the solution is gamma = 1. This can be true only for the rest photon, a self contradiction because the photon is moving with velocity v. So in the next note the additional mechanism of change of electron energy from orbital 1 to orbital 2 will be considered with momentum conservation. The problem is that the classical mechanism has not considered the internal atomic change of an electron energy changing from E1 to E2. On the other hand the usual Einstein mechanism has not considered momentum conservation or photon mass.

a159thpapernotes6.pdf

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Photon Mass and Scalar Curvature

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Saturday, October 16, 2010 11:02 PM
Author: metric345
Subject: Photon Mass and Scalar Curvature

Many thanks to Doug Lindstrom for these comments, it looks as if the photon mass depends on frequency and that must be explained in ECE theory through the properties of R in the wave equation:

(d’alembertian + R) A = 0

in the shorthand notation. In the Proca wave equation with constant photon mass m, R is

R = (mc / h bar) squared

but in general m depends on the properties of the scalar curvature as the correct interpretation of the Compton effect shows. The plenary lecture given by Doug went very well, another key breakthrough.

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UFT 159: Photoelectric Effect

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Thursday, October 14, 2010 12:55 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: UFT 159: Photoelectric Effect

The next stage is to evaluate the photon mass from the photo electric effect, then to proceed with the interaction of a photon with mass with the hydrogen atom. Einstein’s own opinion about his quantum theory of absorption is that it was at best heuristic. He maintained this opinion. It happens to work well, but there are strange ideas within it, a particle without mass is absorbed by the H atom on the simplest level, and an electron gains energy but not mass, momentum transfer is not considered. Also, the basic quantum operators are empirical, i.e. p sup mu = i h bar partial sup mu is pure guesswork that happens to work. This guesswork gave rise to the Schroedinger equation shortly after de Broglie’s papers of 1922 to 1924 and Compton’s work on scattering. UFT 158 tests these ideas for the first time. That shows how foolish it has been to develop physics with a string theory that cannot be tested at all.

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Atomic Absorption and Photoelectric Effect with Photon Mass

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Thursday, October 14, 2010 10:39 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Atomic Absorption and Photoelectric Effect with Photon Mass

In these cases the h bar omega that usually appears in the theories is replaced by

T = (gamma – 1) m c squared.

Atomic absorption for example is

E2 – E1 = T = (gamma – 1) m c squared

These phenomena differ from Compton scattering in that the photon is stopped, not scattered. So its energy after collision is

E0 = m c squared.

T is the change in kinetic energy of the photon, which transfers mass to the atom in absorption.

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158(10) : Analytical Solution for the Photon Mass from Compton Scattering

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Monday, October 11, 2010 4:39 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: 158(10) : Analytical Solution for the Photon Mass from Compton Scattering

This is eq. (198), where the photon velocity v is given by the relevant root of the quadratic (11). The straightforward algebra of notes 158(9) and 158(10) should be checked by computer algebra and then the photon mass m evaluated for different scattering angles theta. It should be the same for each theta. This is a rigorous test of modern physics that can be carried out using data from any Compton scattering experiment. There is no room for any empiricism. Either modern physics passes this test or fails.

a158thpapernotes10.pdf

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Paper on the Levitron.

This paper describes the Levitron which is an anti-gravity device. It consists of a magnetized top, and a base magnet. The top will levitate above the base, when the top is spinning at a proper rpm. This levitation property has defied quantitatively accurate description.

Levitron.pdf