Leading and Trailing Arms in a Spiral Galaxy

Feed: Dr. Myron Evans
Posted on: Monday, February 27, 2012 2:39 AM
Author: metric345
Subject: Leading and Trailing Arms in a Spiral Galaxy

Nice to hear from Kerry Pendergast! We are all agreed that the standard model is incorrect, so does the entire world of physics. To deny this is to deny algebra (UFT202). So I think it is best to look at data with a fresh mind. The dynamics of a galaxy with leading arms in ECE are as given in UFT76, with an animation by Horst Eckardt. The stars emerge from the centre and evolve from it in ECE theory – leading arm dynamics as observed for example in Andromeda. Many galaxies have leading arms as a quick google search will show. However, what precisely and mathematically is meant by “trailing” and “leading”. In ECE this question is easily answered as below. The oldest stars are located in the centre, which therefore must be the origin of the motion of the stars towards the outer edge for leading arms. In the standard model it is asserted that the motion of the stars is an orbit, but that orbit is explained neither with Newtonian nor with Einsteinian theory, so dark matter was “invented”. However, recent experimental results show that dark matter does not exist. As in UFT49 the age of stars is measured by surface temperature and luminosity. I have looked up a few websites on trailing and leading arms and the argument seems to be purely theoretical. What is the actual experimental evidence for leading and trailing arms? In Andromeda for example there are both leading and trailing arms which are supposed to turn into each other according to the old theory. In ECE theory a leading arm is defined by t = 0 at the origin O In note 209(3). A trailing arms is defined by t = 0 at the point A in note 209(3). So ECE theory can deal with both types of motion. I stress that these are the beginnings of a new general relativity, and we are using very simple analytical models.

In a message dated 26/02/2012 22:03:32 GMT Standard Time,

Dear Myron,

Galaxies spin with their arm ends trailing.

There are an equal number of galaxies spinning clockwise and anticlockwise from our point of view as would be expected, since a galaxy spinning clockwise from above would be spinning anticlockwise when viewed from below. It is the direction of spin with regard to the trailing arms which is important, as you know.

Best Wishes


This note shows that the new equation of motion is the same for all spirals of the type:

r = r0 / theta power n

but that the torsion, linear velocity and angular velocity depend on n. Most generally the whirlpool galaxy may be made up of many hyperbolic spirals of different type, and may be made up of both clockwise and anticlockwise rotation. For various reasons the hyperbolic spiral is preferred to the Archimedes spiral on grounds of observation. The logarithmic spiral is ruled out by the fact that it gives no torsion. There are also double helix nebulae which require a Z axis component to be added to the spiral. Google “galaxy images from Hubble” to see double spirals such as Arp 274 and Stephan’s quintet.

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