With reference to:
- M. W. Evans, "Generally Covariant Unified Field Theory: the Geometrization of Physics" (Abramis, 2005 onwards, Amazon softback, www.aias.us), vols. one to three, vols. four and five in prep.
- L. Felker, "The Evans Equations of Unified Field Theory" (Abramis in press, www.aias.us).
- Papers and Workshop notes on www.aias.us by H. Eckardt and L. Felker.
The following is a list of some of the experimentally tested and philosophical advantages of ECE over the contemporary standard model of physics. These advantages are based on the principles of Francis Bacon (test against data) and William of Ockham (the simpler the better). The major advantage of ECE is that it relies on the original principles of the theory of general relativity, without any extraneous input. For more detail see the 76 papers of ECE on www.aias.us and the papers of my Omnia Opera back to 1992. Others in AIAS may like to add to this list.
- The inverse Faraday effect. This is described by the spinning of spacetime and the B(3) field from first principles. In the standard model the effect cannot be described self consistently and cannot be described without an ad hoc conjugate product A x A* of special relativity.
- The Aharonov Bohm effects. These are described self consistently through the spin connection using the principles of general relativity. The standard model description (special relativity) is confused, elaborate and in some respects erroneous. So the standard model does not give a satisfactory description of the Aharonov Bohm effects.
- The polarization change in light deflected by gravitation. This is not described in the standard model because of its neglect of torsion. Similarly, all optical effects of light deflected by gravitation.
- The Faraday disk generator. This is described in ECE through the Cartan torsion, and in the standard model cannot be described satisfactorily.
- The Sagnac effect and ring laser gyro. These are described by the Cartan torsion in ECE, and cannot be described by the Maxwell Heaviside field theory of the standard model.
- The velocity curve of a spiral galaxy. This is described by a constant torsion mcv which originates in a constant Cartan torsion of spacetime. It cannot be described in the standard model without the introduction of ad hoc "dark matter".
- The topological phases such as the Berry phase. These are derived from the first principles of general relativity. In the standard model their description is incomplete because it is confined to special relativity.
- The electromagnetic phase. This is described self consistently with the B(3) spin field using general relativity. In the standard model the phase is incompletely described.
- Snell's law, reflection, refraction, diffraction, interferometry and related optical effects. These can only be described correctly with ECE theory. In the standard model the theory of reflection for example, does not fit with parity inversion due to the neglect of the B(3) spin field.
- Improvements to the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle. In the standard model, various experiments show that this is incorrect by up to nine orders of magnitude. In ECE it is improved by the introduction of action density, giving qualitative agreement with data.
- The unification of quantum mechanics and general relativity. This is achieved straightforwardly in ECE theory with geometry. In the standard model no such unification has been achieved. The Dirac, Proca and similar wave equations are limits of the ECE wave equation. So ECE allows the description of the effect of gravitation on such equations. This is not possible in the standard model.
- Description of particle exchange from general relativity, for example exchange of photon and electron. This is achieved with simultaneous ECE equations without having to use renormalization. In the standard model it is incomplete (special realtivity) and requires a hugely elaborate renormalization procedure.
- The theory of photon mass. The Proca equation is derived straightforwardly from geometry using the ECE hypothesis that the potential is proprotional to the tetrad. In the standard model the theory of the Proca equation conficts diametrically with the gauge principle.
- Replacement of the gauge principle by the invariance principle of ECE. This allows a return to the original principle of general relativity without the introduction of an ad hoc abstract internal space as in gauge theory. Weaknesses of gauge theory are removed in ECE theory.
- Description of the electroweak field without the Higgs mechanism. This becomes possible by solving simultaneous ECE wave equations without the ad hoc Higgs mechanism, which is extraneous to Einstein's theory of general relativity.
- Description of neutrino mass and oscillations. This becomes possible straightforwardly in ECE, but with great difficulty in the standard model because neutrino mass was long thought to be zero, in conflict with Einstein's general relativity.
- The generally covariant description of the laws of electrodynamics. This is a straightforward consequence of Cartan's structure equations and identities. In the standard model such as description is not possible, because electrodynamics is not generally covariant, i.e. is the Maxwell Heaviside theory of Lorentz covariant special relativity.
- Derivation of the quark gluon model from general relativity. This has been achieved in ECE theory using the SU(3) representation space in Cartan geometry. In the standard model it is still a theory of special relativity with ad hoc infinities that have to be removed by renormalization.
- Derivation of quantum electrodynamics from general relativity. This is achieved in ECE using the ECE wave equation and the ECE hypothesis, potential proportional to tetrad. In so doing a minimum particle volume is defined that makes renormalization obsolete - there are no point particles in nature.
- The origin of particle spin is traced in ECE theory to geometry. So particle spin is successfully incorporated into general relativity. This is not possible in the standard model due to neglect of torsion.
- A new cosmology is developed in ECE theory and has been tested experimentally. This has several advantages over the standard model due to the incorporation of the Cartan torsion. The latter is part of Riemann geometry. The cosmology used by Einstein and Hilbert neglects the torsion because it assumes a symmetric Christoffel connection.
- ECE shows that there are no singularities in nature, so there is no Big Bang in nature. The concept has been replaced in ECE by an oscillatory universe without singularities. The scholar Stephen Crothers has shown that Big Bang is due to erroneous mathematics of the standard model. These errors are not repeated in ECE.
- The red shift is explained in ECE as a simple optical effect, and this shows why there can be different red shifts for equidistant objects (data of Halton Arp). The standard model has no explanation for this and none for many other observations of astronomy.
- The concept of spacetime resonance in classical electrodynamics is introduced in ECE theory, and named "spin connection resonance". This concept is missing entirely from the standard model because electrodynamics therein is special relativity (flat Minkowski metric).
- Spin connection resonance is due to spinning spacetime (the Cartan torsion), and is the reason why electric power can be obtained from spacetime as observed experimentally by several groups in industry. This is of great potential imprortance for energy acquisition. The standard model has no explanation.
- Counter gravitational spin connection resonance has been developed in ECE theory, which shows that counter gravitation is feasible. The standard model has no explanation.
- The recent discovery of the gravitational equivalent of the Faraday law of induction is explained straightforwardly in ECE theory through the first Cartan structure equation. The standard model has no explanation for such an effect, which is important for counter gravitational technology and is many orders of magnitude greater than that expected from Einstein Hilbert theory and the Lense Thirring theory. Again this is due to the neglect of torsion in the standard model.
- Quantum entanglement and the single photon Young experiment have been explained in ECE using the concept of the spin connection of Cartan torsion applied to electrodynamics and quantum electrodynamics. The standard model fails because of the failure of the Bohr Heisenberg indeterminacy.
- The equations of superconductivity have been derived from general relativity using geometry. Similarly the equations of semiconductor and plasma theory, and the whole of classical electrodynamics. This cannot be done in the standard model.
- The equations of quantum field theory have been derived from general relativity without the use of ad hoc "dimensions" (string theory). It has been admitted by leading string theorists that string theory cannot be tested experimentally.
- A simpler and more powerful understanding of the radiative correction effects such as the anomalous g factor of the electron and the Lamb shift. In paper 85 major internal inconsistencies in the standards laboratory data were demonstrated, so that the methods of QED and QCD must be considered as obsolete. They were never first principles theories because of the use of adjustable parameters (e.g. dimensional regularization) and renormalization, and the use of acausality and unobservable virtual particles.
- The derivation in paper 88 of the correct second Bianchi identity, showing that the Einstein field equation is based on a second Bianchi identity that incorrectly omits spacetime torsion.
- A comprehensive development of the ECE theory of the inverse Faraday effect and radiatively induced fermion resonance, which is a high resolution anc magnetless form of ESR, NMR and MRI.
- The proof in several papers of the Hodge dual of the second Bianchi identity. Both the identity and the dual identity must be obeyed in a field theory of general relativity.
- The demonstration in paper 93 that the Einstein field equation fails the test of the dual identity because of its neglect of space-time torsion. The Einstein field equation is geometrically incorrect and therefore obsolete.
- The realization that the symmetric or Christoffel connection cannot be used in a theory of general relativity.
- The development in several papers of field equations of relativistic dynamics to replace the now obsolete Einstein field equation.
- The development by Dr. Horst Eckardt of an engineering model of ECE theory to design new energy devices (see papers 63 and 94 for example, and his paper on www.aias.us on the engineering model). The engineering model is being used by networks of aerospace and electrical engineers.
- The application of the concept of spin connection resonance to the detailed design of new energy devices.
- The application of spin connection resonance to the detailed design of counter gravitational devices.
- The explanation in paper 108 of the orbits of binary pulsars without the use of the incorrect Einstein equation, and without the use of the incorrect idea of gravitational radiation from the Einstein field equation.
- The development in paper 111 of the Theorem of Orbits, which replaces the Einstein field equation as a simple and powerful explanation of all known orbits from the spherical symmetry of spacetime.
- The development in several papers of the origin of fundamental dynamical and electrodynamical quantities in terms of spin and orbital torsion. For example the acceleration due to gravity and the electric field strength are due to orbital torsion, mass density is due to curvature. The Newton and Coulomb inverse square laws are due to orbital torsion.
- The realization that there two of the laws of classical electrodynamics are due to orbital torsion (Coulomb and Gauss), and two are due to spin torsion (Ampere Maxwell and Faraday).
- Similarly there are two laws of relativistic dynamics based on orbital torsion, and two based on spin torsion. They have the same form as the laws of classical electrodynamics.
- The derivation of the Euler equation of motion from the first Cartan structure equation, demonstrating the general covariance of the Euler equation.
- The derivation of the Thomas precession from rotation of the Minkowski line element, and concomitant derivation of the gravitational red shift from the rotation of a line element derived from the Theorem of Orbits.
- The derivation of the relativistic correction of the Coulomb law from the Theorem of Orbits.
- The derivation of the centripetal force of electrodynamics from the Theorem of Orbits.
- The derivation of the Coulomb Law as a limit of the Theorem of Orbits.
These are just fifty of many such tests now available. The AIAS staff may like to add other descriptions of tests from time to time.
British Civil List Scientist,