|Isaac Newton 1642-1727 |
|Laws of motion and gravitation. Newtonian telescope and light theory. |
Warden of the Mint in 1696. Master of the Mint in 1699.
|William Herschel 1738-1832 |
|1782 ||Astronomer Royal to George III. Discoverer of Uranus and infrared radiation.|
|Sir James Ivory 1765-1842 |
|1831 ||Scottish mathematician.|
|John Dalton 1766-1844 |
|1833 ||Law of partial pressures. Atomic theory |
: - Each element is composed of different types of atoms.
|Robert Brown 1773-1858 |
|Circa 1858 |
|Brownian motion. Recognized the importance of and named the cell nucleus.|
|Mary Fairfax-Somerville 1780-1872 || ||Scottish science writer, mathematician and astronomer. Somerville College Oxford named after her. |
Translated Laplace's "Celestial Mechanics".
|Michael Faraday 1791-1867 |
|Laws of induction. Laws of electrolysis. |
1858 Grace and favor house, Queen Victoria.
|Sir George Airy 1801- 1892 |
|1835 ||Northumberland, Astronomer Royal. |
Established prime meridian at Greenwich. Airy Crater defines prime meridian on Mars.
|James Prescott Joule 1818-1889 ||1878 ||First Law of Thermodynamics, Principle of the Conservation of Energy, Joule’s Law, speed of gas molecules.|
|John Couch Adams 1819-1892 |
|1861 ||Mathematically predicted the position of Neptune facilitating its discovery.|
|Alfred Wallace 1823-1913 |
|1881 ||Wrote a book on evolution, which led to Darwin publishing his own book.|
|Oliver Heaviside 1850-1925 |
|1896 ||Maxwell-Heaviside equations and theory. |
Mathematician, physicist and engineer.
|William F. Denning 1848-1931 |
|1904 ||Denning of Somerset, astronomer, comet hunter and science writer.|
|Myron Evans 1950- |
|2005 ||Completed Einstein’s work, by docking the curved space of relativity with Cartan’s torsion of electromagnetism.|