Archive for December, 2020

Paper: Transcending the Standard Model of Physics

Saturday, December 19th, 2020

Ulrich Bruchholz published a paper in co-authorship with me. Three principal approaches of physics are compared, which are foundational for classical theoretical physics of the 20th century: The General Relativity of Einstein, the theory of Rainich, which uses the Einstein-Maxwell equations, and the Einsten-Cartan-Evans theory of Myron Evans.

Unification aspects of all three theories are compared and determinacy on a classical level is discussed. The role of deterministic chaos is shown to be the reason that Bruchholz is able to compute properties of elementary particles numerically.

EJERS, European Journal of Engineering Research and Science
Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2020.

What if Dark Matter Doesn’t Exist?

Friday, December 18th, 2020

This question was asked in an article of scitechdaily:

There are theories being alternative to the popular “dark matter” suspection, which is used to explain why stars in galaxies show motions different from Newtonian dynamics. A “pull” of stars has been detected which is attributed to an “external force”. In all these attributions, it is assumed that non-Newtonian effects are evoked by mass-based forces. Scientists have not enough phantasy to imagine that a different type of dynamics could explain the observed effects also. Dynamics has to do with linear momentum and angular momentum. So the scientists should think about such sources of impact. Then they would perhaps encounter ECE theory which explains their “unexplainable” effects very simply and consistently by angular momentum.

What is gravitation?

Saturday, December 5th, 2020

In this contibution we discuss principal questions of physics, for which no convincing solutions have been given so far. Besides mathematical theory, we borrow some ideas from Nicola Tesla and Tom Bearden.

Many people argue that a unified theory of physics should have an explanation on a physical level, on what gravity is and how it is related to electromagnetism. In ECE theory, we have limited ourselves so far to the description of effects, including coupling between gravitation and electromagnetism, withoutout making statements on the “real nature” of elementary forces of physics. However, the means are there now to tackle this foundational problem in detail. We have a vacuum theory (macroscopically and microscopically), a theory of potentials making up spacetime, a theory of fluid mechanics, fluid electrodynamics and fluid gravitation. There have even been estimations for upper limits of vacuum particles, assuming a discrete vacuum structure as Nicola Tesla did.

Putting all this together, we are able to theoretically verify a model of electromagnetism proposed by Tom Bearden. Electric fields are a transport phenomenen of aether strucutres. These structures consist of a special configuration built by aether particles. Since aether particles flow from one charged pole to another (in case of a dipole), there must be a mechanism for refilling the charges with aether particles. This refilling process works by “unstructured” aether particles, which are reconfigured in charged masses. The reflow of aether particles is necessary for conservation of aether mass-energy. This reflow makes up the gravitational field. Since matter is internally charged (atomic nuclei), There is always such a process. The aether reflow generates a pressure and velocity distribution in the aether. These are the gravitational pontenials, which give rise to the gravitational force fields (Newtonian gravitation and gravito-magnetic field). Because both, the electric and gravitational flow, are evoked by aether structures, they underly the same elementary mechanisms and therefore the same geometric equations. This is the reason why the ECE field equations are the same for gravitation and electromagnetism, with exception of different constants.

Tom Bearden was not able to descirbe his ideas by mathematical models. This is now possible by ECE theory. Ordinary electrodynamics is not sufficient. One needs to apply the ECE antisymmetry laws to show that an aether flow (vector potential) is connected even with a static electric field. The counterpart of the Coulomb law, Newton’s law, can be derived by equating the constants of both laws. Since the potentials describe a scalar-valued density function, the same law is valid for both flow directions of aether particles, that is the electric flow and the gravitational back-flow. As a consequence, it is also explained that central gravitational forces are always positive, while both signs are possible for central electrical forces.

Longitudinal and “matter” waves

Saturday, December 5th, 2020

AIAS member Steve nannister gave the hint to a video by Bob Greenyer of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project. Bob is just one of the fundamentally smart people in the space. In this video he explores and extends the work of, e.g., Hutchinson, Shoulders, and others:

ECE theory provides the foundation for such developments. First, one has to use the right vocabulary. “Scalar waves” are longitudinal waves in ECE (and general scientific) speaking. We have done a large number of papers on this, accumulated in chapter 3 of the book Prinicples of ECE Theory, vol. 1. Mathematically, such longitudinal waves are Beltrami fields. Examples are shown in the book. These waves are solutions of Maxwell’s equations and can be understood even by standard electrodynamics.

What is called “matter waves” are waves of stress in the vacuum. They can be longitudinal or transversal. In the longitudinal case, they are also called “scalar waves”, giving confusion with the wave types described above. The non-empty classical vacuum in ECE theory is filled with scalar and vector potentials of a form that does not produce force fields (e-m fields). The Aharonov-Bohm effect, although being a quantum effect of electrons, is produced by such potentials or “potential fields”. They can be constructed by e-m fields that annnihilate themselves completely. The energy density of the space remains and can have wave character. They then expand as pure “energy waves”. The ECE vacuum is described in UFT papers 292, 296, 299 on and in the book Principles of ECE theory, vol.2, chapter 6. There is also a popular article on this:

The waves are similar to sound waves in solids where the atoms oscillate around an equilibrium position but no matter is transported. In case of potential waves, the oscillating “material” is the vacuum itself. According to Tesla, the vacuum has a microscopic, discrete structure consisting of very small “vacuum particles”. These particles are what oscillates in potential waves, without giving rise to e-m fields.