Fluid dynamics and quantum mechanics

April 5th, 2021

Message from Russ Davis:

The youtube video at the link below may be of interest (presented by Cambridge University Press webinar series). It details some recent macroscopic fluid experiments that result in quantum-like statistics, so fluid dynamics and quantum mechanics could have significant commonality.

John W. Bush of MIT proposes and explores a new, trajectory-based description of quantumdynamics informed by the hydrodynamic system.(Jun 15, 2020)

You may find these webpages more useful than the fast-paced audio English language youtube video.

Hydrodynamic quantum analogs (John W.M. Bush, professor of applied mathematics, MIT)




New version of ECE textbook

April 1st, 2021

In the ECE textbook, chapter 7 on dynamics has been added. After electrodynamics, this is the first chapter on mechanics and dynamics. This is the preliminary version for proof reading:


Two chapters on unified fluid dynamics and gravitation will follow.

Breaking the warp barrier: Hyper-fast solitons in Einstein–Maxwell-plasma theory

March 22nd, 2021

There is an interesting development concerning propuslion by general relativity. The method is using the Alcubierre metric in connection with woliton waves. The Alcubierre metric has already been analysed in our book on Einstein criticism.


The oroginal article is not freely accessible, but there is a German web site which gives more info about the article. Put
into a translator.

Excerpt from the content:

This includes, for example, the famous warp drive, on which, among other things, the spaceship Enterprise from the Star Trek universe relies. Such a drive could actually work on paper, wrote the Mexican physicist Miguel Alcubierre in 1994. His theoretical solution for locomotion at faster than light speed does not contradict at least the general and special theory of relativity. The thought experiment, also known as the Alcubierre drive, is based on a local deformation of space-time, like a wave on which a hypothetical spaceship could even reach ten times the speed of light.

Abstract of the original paper:

Solitons in space-time capable of transporting time-like observers at superluminal speeds have long been tied to violations of the weak, strong, and dominant energy conditions of general relativity. The negative-energy sources required for these solitons must be created through energy-intensive uncertainty principle processes as no such classical source is known in particle physics. This paper overcomes this barrier by constructing a class of soliton solutions that are capable of superluminal motion and sourced by purely positive energy densities. The solitons are also shown to be capable of being sourced from the stress–energy of a conducting plasma and classical electromagnetic fields. This is the first example of hyper-fast solitons resulting from known and familiar sources, reopening the discussion of superluminal mechanisms rooted in conventional physics.

Factoring in gravitomagnetism could do away with dark matter

March 11th, 2021

In a recent article, the author G. O. Ludwig presents an explanation of galactic rotation curves, based on gravitomagnetism, not dark matter:


Although he does not refer to ECE theory, he uses concepts of fluid electrodynamics and the gravitomagnetic field, both well developed by the AIAS group.
Science daily writes about Ludwig’s article in a contribution:


The Very Concept of Dark Matter Itself, Questioned in New Research

TOPICS:AstrophysicsDark MatterSpringer

By Springer March 9, 2021

Dark Matter Concept

Factoring in Gravitomagnetism Could Do Away With Dark Matter

Models of galactic rotation curves built of a general relativistic framework could use gravitomagnetism to explain the effects of dark matter.

Observations of galactic rotation curves give one of the strongest lines of evidence pointing towards the existence of dark matter, a non-baryonic form of matter that makes up an estimated 85% of the matter in the observable Universe. Current assessments of galactic rotation curves are based upon a framework of Newtonian accounts of gravity, a new paper published in EPJ C, by Gerson Otto Ludwig, National Institute for Space Research, Brazil, suggests that if this is substituted with a general relativity-based model, the need to recourse to dark matter is relieved, replaced by the effects of gravitomagnetism.

The main role of dark matter, Ludwig points out in the paper, has historically been to resolve the disparity between astrophysical observations and current theories of gravity. Put simply, if baryonic matter — the form of matter we see around us every day which is made up of protons, neutrons, and electrons — is the only form of matter, then there shouldn’t be enough gravitational force to prevent galaxies from flying apart.

By disregarding general relativistic corrections to Newtonian gravity arising from mass currents, and by neglecting these mass currents, Ludwig asserts these models also miss significant modifications to rotational curves — the orbital speeds of visible stars and gas plotted against their radial distance from their galaxy’s center. This is because of an effect in general relativity not present in Newton’s theory of gravity — frame-dragging or the Lense Thirring effect. This effect arises when a massive rotating object like a star or black hole ‘drags’ the very fabric of spacetime along with it, in turn giving rise to a gravitomagnetic field.

In this paper, Ludwig presents a new model for the rotational curves of galaxies which is in agreement with previous efforts involving general relativity. The researcher demonstrates that even though the effects of gravitomagnetic fields are weak, factoring them into models alleviates the difference between theories of gravity and observed rotational curves — eliminating the need for dark matter. The theory still needs some development before it is widely accepted, with the author particularly pointing out that the time evolution of galaxies modeled with this framework is a complex problem that will require much deeper analysis.

Ludwig concludes by suggesting that all calculations performed with thin galactic disk models performed up until this point may have to be recalculated, and the very concept of dark matter itself, questioned.

Reference: “Galactic rotation curve and dark matter according to gravitomagnetism” by G. O. Ludwig, 23 February 2021, The European Physical Journal C.
DOI: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-021-08967-3

Additional chapter on electrodynamics added to ECE textbook

February 19th, 2021

Chapter 6 of the ECE textbook has now been published as a new version of UFT paper 438. The chapter describes ECE2 theory and the important application of Beltrami solutions.
Both subjects were introduced differently by Myron. Here I tried to present the subjects in analogy to prior ECE theory so that the textbook has a unified style and is easier to read. So the presentation has less “fiery” originality but is mathematically more stringent. At the end of the book, a table has been added, in which the times of the main discoveries are listed.

The textbook can be downloaded from

The computer code of the examples has also been updated:

Next, the part on ECE dynamics and mechanics will be published. It is planned to present a preview on the most important subject (field equations of dynamics) in near time.

New chapter in ECE textbook

January 18th, 2021

Dear all,

I am glad to announce the finishing of chapter 6 of the ECE textbook. It describes ECE2 theory and the important application of Beltrami solutions.
Both subjects were introduced differently by Myron. Here I tried to present the subjects in analogy to prior ECE theory so that the textbook has a unified style and is easier to read. So the presentation has less “fiery” originality but is mathematically more stringent.

Paper: Transcending the Standard Model of Physics

December 19th, 2020

Ulrich Bruchholz published a paper in co-authorship with me. Three principal approaches of physics are compared, which are foundational for classical theoretical physics of the 20th century: The General Relativity of Einstein, the theory of Rainich, which uses the Einstein-Maxwell equations, and the Einsten-Cartan-Evans theory of Myron Evans.

Unification aspects of all three theories are compared and determinacy on a classical level is discussed. The role of deterministic chaos is shown to be the reason that Bruchholz is able to compute properties of elementary particles numerically.

EJERS, European Journal of Engineering Research and Science
Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2020.

What if Dark Matter Doesn’t Exist?

December 18th, 2020

This question was asked in an article of scitechdaily:

There are theories being alternative to the popular “dark matter” suspection, which is used to explain why stars in galaxies show motions different from Newtonian dynamics. A “pull” of stars has been detected which is attributed to an “external force”. In all these attributions, it is assumed that non-Newtonian effects are evoked by mass-based forces. Scientists have not enough phantasy to imagine that a different type of dynamics could explain the observed effects also. Dynamics has to do with linear momentum and angular momentum. So the scientists should think about such sources of impact. Then they would perhaps encounter ECE theory which explains their “unexplainable” effects very simply and consistently by angular momentum.

What is gravitation?

December 5th, 2020

In this contibution we discuss principal questions of physics, for which no convincing solutions have been given so far. Besides mathematical theory, we borrow some ideas from Nicola Tesla and Tom Bearden.

Many people argue that a unified theory of physics should have an explanation on a physical level, on what gravity is and how it is related to electromagnetism. In ECE theory, we have limited ourselves so far to the description of effects, including coupling between gravitation and electromagnetism, withoutout making statements on the “real nature” of elementary forces of physics. However, the means are there now to tackle this foundational problem in detail. We have a vacuum theory (macroscopically and microscopically), a theory of potentials making up spacetime, a theory of fluid mechanics, fluid electrodynamics and fluid gravitation. There have even been estimations for upper limits of vacuum particles, assuming a discrete vacuum structure as Nicola Tesla did.

Putting all this together, we are able to theoretically verify a model of electromagnetism proposed by Tom Bearden. Electric fields are a transport phenomenen of aether strucutres. These structures consist of a special configuration built by aether particles. Since aether particles flow from one charged pole to another (in case of a dipole), there must be a mechanism for refilling the charges with aether particles. This refilling process works by “unstructured” aether particles, which are reconfigured in charged masses. The reflow of aether particles is necessary for conservation of aether mass-energy. This reflow makes up the gravitational field. Since matter is internally charged (atomic nuclei), There is always such a process. The aether reflow generates a pressure and velocity distribution in the aether. These are the gravitational pontenials, which give rise to the gravitational force fields (Newtonian gravitation and gravito-magnetic field). Because both, the electric and gravitational flow, are evoked by aether structures, they underly the same elementary mechanisms and therefore the same geometric equations. This is the reason why the ECE field equations are the same for gravitation and electromagnetism, with exception of different constants.

Tom Bearden was not able to descirbe his ideas by mathematical models. This is now possible by ECE theory. Ordinary electrodynamics is not sufficient. One needs to apply the ECE antisymmetry laws to show that an aether flow (vector potential) is connected even with a static electric field. The counterpart of the Coulomb law, Newton’s law, can be derived by equating the constants of both laws. Since the potentials describe a scalar-valued density function, the same law is valid for both flow directions of aether particles, that is the electric flow and the gravitational back-flow. As a consequence, it is also explained that central gravitational forces are always positive, while both signs are possible for central electrical forces.

Longitudinal and “matter” waves

December 5th, 2020

AIAS member Steve nannister gave the hint to a video by Bob Greenyer of the Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project. Bob is just one of the fundamentally smart people in the space. In this video he explores and extends the work of, e.g., Hutchinson, Shoulders, and others:


ECE theory provides the foundation for such developments. First, one has to use the right vocabulary. “Scalar waves” are longitudinal waves in ECE (and general scientific) speaking. We have done a large number of papers on this, accumulated in chapter 3 of the book Prinicples of ECE Theory, vol. 1. Mathematically, such longitudinal waves are Beltrami fields. Examples are shown in the book. These waves are solutions of Maxwell’s equations and can be understood even by standard electrodynamics.

What is called “matter waves” are waves of stress in the vacuum. They can be longitudinal or transversal. In the longitudinal case, they are also called “scalar waves”, giving confusion with the wave types described above. The non-empty classical vacuum in ECE theory is filled with scalar and vector potentials of a form that does not produce force fields (e-m fields). The Aharonov-Bohm effect, although being a quantum effect of electrons, is produced by such potentials or “potential fields”. They can be constructed by e-m fields that annnihilate themselves completely. The energy density of the space remains and can have wave character. They then expand as pure “energy waves”. The ECE vacuum is described in UFT papers 292, 296, 299 on www.aias.us and in the book Principles of ECE theory, vol.2, chapter 6. There is also a popular article on this:

The waves are similar to sound waves in solids where the atoms oscillate around an equilibrium position but no matter is transported. In case of potential waves, the oscillating “material” is the vacuum itself. According to Tesla, the vacuum has a microscopic, discrete structure consisting of very small “vacuum particles”. These particles are what oscillates in potential waves, without giving rise to e-m fields.